S05-11 08

Navigating the Digital Classroom: Harnessing AI for Education


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Cristina Brugués MelladoUniversitat Rovira i Virgili


Artificial intelligence is dominating all current conversations. It intricates with the vast of our domains of academic scholarship. The adoption of artificial intelligence into our system and its progression and use have become society’s main focus. As we embrace AI’s potential, we should wrestle with its implications concerning humanities and education. As we intersect a new technological challenge, examining the possible advances or dangers that may arise in the academic environment such as the possible use of ChatGPT in the classroom is crucial.

My main goal is to test whether ChatGPT could be incorporated into university classes as a learning tool. Some experts warn of the dangers of AI, and one can even imagine a future where teachers are not flesh and blood. Therefore, I set out to investigate what the role of this smart machine would be like in a classroom. The research will be carried out through a case study.

To conduct this research, I asked myself the following questions: Can ChatGPT explain the course contents requested without making mistakes? Can it solve all the students’ doubts? Is it able to prepare exercises and tests? As a linguistics lecturer, the case study will be executed as follows: ChatGPT is used in the classroom. Students ask the chat questions about the course syllabus and from there, they establish a conversation. In this way, a self-learning exercise is carried out for the students. My role, as the lecturer is to precisely correct the chatbot since, despite being a program created by OpenAI, it still has errors. In this exercise, students create critical thinking as they realize that ChatGPT is not always reliable. In addition, they enhance their ability to learn from each other and ask questions about what they want to learn from the syllabus.

In the experiment, students have found ChatGPT to be less reliable than they expected. However, it is an activity that helps them create this critical thinking. Having integrated ChatGPT in the classroom has allowed us to uncover what happens when we use this conversational chatbot for academic purposes.

The results obtained in ChatGPT show that artificial intelligence cannot replace the role of a professor, or at least for now since it makes mistakes. AI is a broad branch of computer science that includes many different terms, but for computers to achieve human analytical capabilities they need a multitude of data that humans must know and input beforehand. Although, another result allows us to conclude that AI can be used as a learning tool. In other words, if ChatGPT is properly used, it can be a helpful tool for professors and students and not a danger to academic integrity.

Preguntas y comentarios al autor/es

    • profile avatar

      Luz Castillo Cuesta

      Comentó el 15/03/2024 a las 21:08:05

      Dear Cristina,
      Your research is really interesting! It prompts me to consider numerous potential applications. Could you share any insights or suggestions for how EFL teachers can effectively prepare for and utilize AI to enhance students' analytical skills? Additionally, I'm curious to know your thoughts on how AI could be integrated into language assessment practices to provide more personalized and adaptive learning experiences.
      Best regards,

      • profile avatar

        Cristina Brugués Mellado

        Comentó el 17/03/2024 a las 00:57:28

        Dear Luz,

        Thank you. EFL teachers could use AI-powered collaboration tools that facilitate group discussions, peer feedback, and collaborative analysis of language texts. Encourage students to work together to analyze language samples, share insights, and discuss their findings, promoting collaborative learning and critical thinking skills.
        AI can dynamically adjust the difficulty level of language assessments based on the learner's performance. By analyzing responses in real-time, the AI can tailor subsequent questions to match the learner's proficiency level more accurately. This ensures that learners are challenged appropriately and receive feedback tailored to their individual needs. AI algorithms can generate personalized learning paths based on learners' goals, interests, and learning styles. By leveraging data on past performance and preferences, AI can recommend activities, exercises, and resources that are most relevant and beneficial to each learner.

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      Aránzazu Lucía Cosido García

      Comentó el 15/03/2024 a las 11:56:57

      Congratulations on your presentation. I found it a very useful exercise to make students aware of the limitations ChatGPT has. On the point of AI, and as it was pointed about by the speakers in the roundtable held yesterday, AI is still not ready to replace teachers of languages, the learning of a language involves a lot more than learning the grammar and vocabulary, comprehension or having an accurate pronunciation, but it is indeed a very useful tool both for teachers and students

      • profile avatar

        Cristina Brugués Mellado

        Comentó el 15/03/2024 a las 12:13:05

        Thank you. I totally agree and that is why I think we should embrace AI as a tool to help us learn more.

    • profile avatar

      Manuel Macías Borrego

      Comentó el 15/03/2024 a las 10:19:08

      Dear Cristina,
      Thank you very much for your presentation. It was very enlightening to see other researchers work (from a different perspective) with AI in the field of EFL and ESL.
      Congratulations on a very clear and insightful talk; I have to say, if I may, that I do agree with most of the significant aspects pointed.

    • profile avatar

      Judith Cobler Andreu

      Comentó el 14/03/2024 a las 17:13:10

      Dear Cristina,

      Congratulations on such an interesting presentation. I have a couple of questions for you: Was this study motivated by the use of AI by students? If so, have you noticed a difference between the usage amount from before conducting the study to after?

      Thank you,

      Judith Cobler Andreu

      • profile avatar

        Cristina Brugués Mellado

        Comentó el 14/03/2024 a las 17:59:15

        Dear Judith,

        Thank you. My idea came after talking to a colleague who warned me about the future of teachers. That is, there is a possibility that AI will replace teachers in the future. Therefore, I decided to check if it really has the knowledge that a teacher has.
        As for the use of ChatGPT, it is difficult to know, but at least students are aware that they cannot always rely on this application.

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